What is speaking in tongues?


Bahasa Roh Menurut Calvin dan Implikasinya bagi Gereja Masa Kini

Baptisan Roh Kudus: 7 Langkah Mudah?

Written by: Matt Slick

Speaking in tongues is the New Testament phenomena where a person speaks in a language that is unknown to him.  This language is either the language of angels or other earthly languages (1 Cor. 13:1).  It occurred in Acts 2 at Pentecost and also in the Corinthian church as is described in 1 Corinthians 14.  This New Testament gift was given by the Holy Spirit to the Christian church and is for the purpose of the edification of the Body of Christ as well as for glorifying the Lord.

There seems to be three divisions in the use of tongues:  First, a private prayer language that is not interpreted; second, a language that is interpreted — this defines proper usage in the Christian congregation; and third, missionary context — that is, it appears in the context of evangelism where people (in the New Testament) are presenting the gospel.

Today there is much debate as to the validity of speaking in tongues, especially since there is so much misuse of it in Christian circles.  Nevertheless, some Christian churches teach that all the charismatic gifts (speaking in tongues, word of knowledge, prophecy, etc.) have ceased with the completion of the New Testament (1 Cor. 13:8-12).  Others maintain that the charismatic gifts are still for the church today (1 Cor. 1:7).  It is not the purpose of this paper to take sides on this issue since it is so divisive and believing or not believing in them does not affect one’s salvation.  Nevertheless, there are good arguments on both sides and the Christian church needs to be as gracious as possible to those with opposing views on this debatable issue.

But there is an important point worth making here.  Some churches erringly maintain that you must speak in tongues in order to be saved.  This is a grave mistake since not all people speak in tongues because not all people are gifted by the Holy Spirit this way.

1 Cor. 12:7-11,28-31, “But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. 8 For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge according to the same Spirit; 9 to another faith by the same Spirit, and to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, 10 and to another the effecting of miracles, and to another prophecy, and to another the distinguishing of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, and to another the interpretation of tongues. 11 But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills…28 And God has appointed in the church, first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, administrations, various kinds of tongues. 29 All are not apostles, are they? All are not prophets, are they? All are not teachers, are they? All are not workers of miracles, are they? 30 All do not have gifts of healings, do they? All do not speak with tongues, do they? All do not interpret, do they? 31 But earnestly desire the greater gifts.

So, the gifts of the Spirit are varied and they are for the edification of the body of Christ.  Speaking in tongues is not necessary for salvation and it is not a prerequisite proof of Baptism in the Holy Spirit.  We must remember the words of Paul in 1 Cor. 13:1-2,13 ~

“If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. 2 And if I have the gift of prophecy, and know all mysteries and all knowledge; and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but do not have love, I am nothing….13 But now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love.”

Is speaking in tongues a necessary sign of salvation?

The Oneness Pentecostal people teach that speaking in tongues is a necessary manifestation of the Holy Spirit and without it a person is not truly saved. It is so important to them that one ex-Oneness person told me that her church had altar calls for people to come up and receive the gift of the Holy Spirit so they could speak in tongues.  She said she never saw an alter call for people to come up and receive Jesus as savior.  But, this is only one example and may not be typical.

We see in Acts that many people who became Christians immediately spoke in tongues (Acts 2:4; 10:46; 19:6).  But is it a necessary sign of salvation?  No.  It isn’t.  Consider the following verses in 1 Cor. 12.

  • 1 Cor. 12:7-11, “But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal. 8For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; 9 To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit; 10 To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another different kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues.  11But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will.”
  • 1 Cor. 12:29-30, “Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles? 30Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret?”

We can see that the Holy Spirit gives gifts as He desires.  He distributes them upon His people in the church as He wills (1 Cor. 12:11).  It states in 1 Cor. 12:7-11 that different people have different gifts and we see in verses 29-31 that not all speak in tongues.  Now, the Oneness person will state that all are supposed to speak in tongues, but that not all do.  They maintain that speaking in tongues is a necessary sign/gift of true salvation and that a true believer will speak in tongues.  But, that is not what the text says.

Paul asks the questions:  Are all apostles?  No.  Are all prophets?  No.  Are all teachers?  No.   In other words, within the body of Christ, different people are called by God to have different gifts.  If someone states that all are supposed to speak in tongues, but that not all do, then are all supposed to be apostles as well but not all are?  Are all called to be prophets?  Are all called to be teachers?  No.  Likewise, not all are called by God to speak in tongues.

It is simple.  Not all speak in tongues because God doesn’t give the gift to everyone.  Speaking in tongues is not the sign of salvation, but a sign.  If anything, the fruit of the indwelling Spirit of God as listed in Gal. 5:22-23 is the sign of salvation.  I would ask the Oneness person if the following fruit are what the true signs of salvation are in his or her life rather than speaking in tongues:

“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law” (Gal. 5:22-23).

So, again I ask.  What is the biblical sign of salvation, tongues or the fruit of the Spirit?