Anthropology is derived from the two Greek words … meaning “man” and …”word.” Biblical anthropology deals with the study of the Bible’s revelation of the nature of man both before and after the fall and both before and after regeneration. A fundamental idea in Biblical anthropology is the image of God.
Man was created by an immediate act of God and is thus not the result of evolutionary processes. God created man in His own image and, therefore, gave to man a transcendent value and worth. We believe that man was given a will and placed under a covenant of works and that he chose to rebel against his Creator he sinned, and thus was plunged into spiritual death, whereby the image of God was marred and man’s will was left in the thralldom of sin [enslaved to sin]. Through the covenant of grace by the work of the Mediator and the Holy Spirit, man may be regenerated, that he may believe the gospel, become a new creature in Christ, and the image of God may be restored in him.
The excommunication from the Tree of Life (Genesis 3:22-24) confirms the probationary nature of the covenant of works. The first Gospel promise in Genesis 3:15 announces the covenant of grace, i.e. redemption of the elect by the Mediator. The covenant of grace is the progressive historical account of the administration of the Gospel in the history of redemption. The Abrahamic covenant is a renewal of the postlapsarian covenant/promise made to Adam (Genesis 3:15; 17). In the history of redemption, the covenant of grace was renewed in Abraham such that he is the father of all who believe (Romans 4:11; John 8:56). The Abrahamic covenant is logically as well as historically prior to the Mosaic. The Mosaic covenant was not renewed under Christ, but the Abrahamic covenant was.For other uses, see Canaan (disambiguation). … The New Covenant is new relative to Moses, not Abraham. The New Covenant is the fulfillment of the promise made to Adam (Genesis 3:15) and the (Abrahamic) covenant of grace. The New Covenant is the reality typified by the pre-incarnational types and shadows (2 Corinthians 1:20; John 6:32; Hebrews 7-9).